The 28th Conference of the Parties (COP28) UAE Presidency - is about fostering collaboration

COP28 brings together organizations, corporations, and communities to generate a lasting impact on the climate change agenda.

Its all about building strong relationships that have led to action-focused projects that are developing new ways to reduce emissions. In a world where collaboration across sectors and communities is essential, game-changing partnerships make all the difference.

It aims for global as well as local solutions. Launching initiatives in energy, finance, technology, food security, biodiversity and nature-based solutions, the COP28 UAE’s partnerships team has successfully sought cooperation on a global and local scale.

It encourages young people and academics at UAE's higher education institutions to get involved in carbon neutrality research and other actions to cut greenhouse gases.

Conference goal is all about - "The time for debate is over. The time for action is now."

Partnerships bring civil society, the public sector, private sector, and communities together to generate lasting impacts in the fight against climate change.

Actionism drives vigorous action to bring about change.

Around the world, people are rising to the challenge that climate change presents. These actionism is crucial to keeping 1.5°C within reach.

India has pledged to cut its emissions intensity by 45% by 2030 from 2005 levels, reaching net-zero emissions by 2070 under its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).

India cannot survive without coal as it has no other options," according to a research and analyst. "Nuclear and hydro take a decade to build, gas is not abundantly available, and LNG is not that cheap. India's forte has always been coal -- it knows how to operate it, and there is indigenous capacity to build it."

Unlike China, India has not ventured in gas cooled nuclear reactors, such as SMRs (small modular reactors) that can work with lesser carbon footprint.

India generated 149.66 TWh of electricity in September,2023 of which 108.70 TWh, or 73%, was coal-fired, data from Central Electricity Authority showed. The coal-fired figure was up 17% year on year.

India is not going to compromise with the availability of power for growth. But there will be pressure again on those countries who use coal. India needs at least 80 GW of power to meet future needs.

Gas represents small segment of overall generation. India's use of natural gas is growing strongly. But gas demand is driven by new gas reforms, increased domestic gas production, prolonged heat waves and relatively low spot LNG prices.

India is also one of the fastest growing renewable power markets, with capacity additions of around 15 GW to 20 GW annually.

Some transition happening can be expected by 2035. But there would still be some coal additions that would happen year on year.

Given the reluctance not to use coal for power generation, India's carbon emissions have risen from 2.48 billion mt/year in 2023 to 2.9 billion mt/year in 2030, and forecasted further to 3.37 billion mt/year in 2045. more  

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JUICE (Jupitar iCy moons Explorer) is launched on 14April,2023 by European Space Agency(ESA). This is to expand list of places to look for life in the universe. more  
At .8% of GDP 1/4th US spend at 3.3% on average. On the way up, technologies are created and benefits maximised, for example anearobic digestors - in-situ resource utilisation and environment - moon mission. more  
More investment in R & D needed. See the US more  
First rule of economics suggest investments in R&D for development of any sector. India can develop its biogas and anaerobic digestor(ADs) industry to strengthen its energy security and attaining its climate goals - a progressive R&D and innovation for technology development. more  
Require an industrial policy that priritises outcomes like clean grownth and healthy ageing. A mission oriented a mission oriented approach leads to more than just completing the mission. The innovations it catalyzes can lead to a multiplier effect - with initial investments crowding in private investment and generating spillovers that amplify the impact on cross domestic product or GDP. Through the process of solving smaller problems on the way to the moon we created the technologies for today's camera phones, foil blankets, baby formula and broad range of software applications. The green transition will succeed only if it is also a "just transition." To support the necessary shift pf workers from brown to green jobs, governments can require businesses that receive public benefits to align their operations with climate goals. Moreover, policymakers should incentivise brown sectors to reduce their environmental footprint, and to mitigate the risk of stranded assets. more  
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