The Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) is sweeping across the globe at a rapid pace
Here is what we know right now:
(i) There are two main routes of transmission of the COVID-19 virus: respiratory and contact.
(ii) While there is not much information available about this particular strain of Cornonavirus, other strains are known to be able to survive in untreated water for weeks.
Excerpts from the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF:
Water, sanitation, hygiene and waste management for the COVID-19 virus Technical brief ,3 March 2020
The provision of safe water, sanitation, and hygienic conditions is essential to protecting human health during all infectious disease outbreaks, including the COVID-19 outbreak. Ensuring good and consistently applied WASH and waste management practices in communities, homes, schools, marketplaces and health care facilities will further help to prevent human-to-human transmission of the COVID-19 virus.
FMCG companies in India should gear up - increasing production of hygiene products.
Laboratory studies of surrogate Coronaviruses that took place in well-controlled environments indicated that the virus could remain infectious in water contaminated with faeces for days to weeks. A number of measures can be taken to improve water safety, starting with protecting the source water; treating water at the point of distribution, collection or consumption; and ensuring that treated water is safely stored at home in regularly cleaned and covered containers. Conventional, centralized water treatment methods that utilize filtration and disinfection should inactivate the COVID-19 virus. Other human Coronaviruses have been shown to be sensitive to chlorination and disinfection with ultraviolet (UV) light.
In places where centralized water treatment and safe piped water supplies are not available, a number of household water treatment technologies are effective in removing or destroying viruses, including boiling or using high-performing ultrafiltration or nanomembrane filters, solar irradiation and, in non-turbid waters, UV irradiation and appropriately dosed free chlorine.
This virus has been around for much longer, gaining strength over time, and has become particularly disruptive at times of supply and demand shocks. more