How to Avoid Cataracts.

A cataract is a clouding that develops in the lens of the eye and blur our vision, causing nearsightedness (myopia) and decreasing our ability to detect the color blue. Left untreated, they may even cause full blindness. Many people develop cataracts in later ages, but there are ways to refrain from developing it, especially at an earlier age. Adhere to these tips and you may prevent a cataract ever forming on your lens!

Protect the eyes from the potential side effects of certain medications. Prolonged use of steroids, tranquilizers, and psoriasis medication may cause cataracts when taken in large doses over a long period of time.

Those suffering from diabetes should keep their blood sugar under control. This is because diabetics tend to develop cataracts faster and at an earlier age than other adults.

Protect your eyes from ultraviolet sun rays as these rays speed up the development of cataracts. Whenever out in the sun, wear sunglasses.

Studies have shown that antioxidant vitamins such as vitamin C, vitamin E and beta carotene slow the development of cataracts. Make sure your body doesn't lack any of these vitamins and if it does, take supplements.

If there is uncontrolled diabetes, injury to the eye, or visual symptoms of decreased reading vision, consult an ophthalmologist to evaluate the problem to help restore sight and prevent blindness.

Foods like butter, oils (except olive oil) and salt, and increased fat consumption in general has been associated with a higher risk of developing cataracts. So, avoid using or limit the intake of such foods.

A diet rich in spinach, cruciferous vegetables (like broccoli), tomatoes, peppers, citrus fruits and melons help prevent cataracts.

Avoid exposure to heavy metals, particularly cadmium, copper, lead, iron and nickel as they may also increase cataract formation as these metals have been found in cataractous lenses.

Cataracts that occur due to the ageing process cannot be prevented as the ageing process itself cannot be prevented, but they can be delayed and fought against, so that you may not have to deal with them when you get older. more  

The medical science is no doubt advancing at a fast pace, but it takes time to put an invention to humans' use as it has to pass through prescribed norms...and why worry or wait for some new technique that will surely come to us in India as fast as it presents itself for use in more advanced countries! What is available for the present for the management of cataract is an excellent procedure by way of emulsification whereby the opacified lens is fragmented and removed and a replacement done with an intraocular lens (IOL). more  
Yes. I agree with you. The Medical Science has advanced a lot. The latest is: The ability of the lens in the human eye to change focus relies on a dense formation of proteins that can result in clumps that cloud the lens and lead to cataracts - except for special protective proteins that prevent this. Now a team in Munich, Germany has discovered an activation mechanism that can switch on one of these protective proteins to keep the lens clear. Cataract treatment without surgery may lie in activating protective protein. more  
Quite informative article. But we need to remember that there is no more need for cataract to become `ripe' before its surgical removal, as the cloudy eye lens can now be removed at any stage (when it interferes with vision) and its replacement done with an artificial intraocular (IOL) lens. more  
Thanks, Sir. It is very useful and helpful. Esteemed regards. more  
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