Fight Diabetes With Awareness: 5 Facts
Surprisingly, every 1 in 2 adults with diabetes are still undiagnosed. So, this World Diabetes Day, here are some facts to help you understand the disease better and help you spread awareness about its prevention, early detection and timely intervention.
- Pre-diabetes is a condition, where one is detected with blood glucose (sugar) levels that are higher than normal but are not high enough to be called diabetes.
- These individuals are at an increased to type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Early detection and managing pre-diabetes early can help in delaying and preventing type 2 diabetes.
- Individuals aged 45 or older, obese, having a family history of diabetes, having high blood pressure or cholesterol and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome(PCOS).
DIABETES FACTS YOU SHOULD KNOW
Here are some important facts that can help you understand the disease better:
1 . Type 2 Diabetes Is The Most Common Type
Type 1 Diabetes is when the body does not produce enough insulin and is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. About 5% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease. Insulin injection is the only treatment. There is currently no known way to prevent it.
Type 2 Diabetes is when the body is unable to effectively use the insulin in the body. It accounts for 95% of the total diabetes cases. It is usually diagnosed in age group of 35-45.
A healthy diet and regular exercise can help prevent diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is managed by oral medications.
2 . There May Be No Symptoms
– Many cases of type 2 diabetes have no or very mild symptoms.
- The typical symptoms of diabetes are frequent urination, excessive thirst and hunger, extreme fatigue and delayed healing of cuts and other injuries.
3 . Fasting Blood Sugar > 126 mg/dl Is Abnormal
- Random Blood Sugar, is a blood check at any time of the day when you have severe diabetes symptoms. Diabetes is diagnosed at blood glucose of greater than or equal to 200 mg/dl.
- Fasting Blood Sugar, checks your blood glucose after fasting for at least 8 hours. If the blood glucose comes out to be greater than or equal to 126 mg/dl.
- HbA1c test, measures your average blood glucose for the past 2 to 3 months. Diabetes is diagnosed at an A1c of greater than or equal to 6.5%.
4 . Type 2 Diabetes Is Preventable
- By following a regular moderate physical activity coupled with healthy diet, you can significantly reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.
- Get into the habit of 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise 5 days a week.
- If you are overweight, shed those extra kilos.
- Losing even 5-7 % of weight can prevent diabetes.
– Opt for whole grains instead of refined foods.
-Include 5 portions of fruits and vegetables (each portion is equal to handful) into your daily diet.
5 . Timely Detection Can Prevent Complications
-A large numbers of diabetics in India are undiagnosed eventually leading to complications of heart, kidney, eyes and nerves.
-Early detection and timely intervention can help prevent complications.
Stay Healthy, Stay Happy!!! more
IF WE ARE WELL AWARE DIABETES IS INDEED PREVENTABLE.
DIABETES HAS MODIFIABLE & NON-MODIFIABLE FACTORS.
1: Modifiable factors are eating healthy diet - more seasonal fruits and vegetables, home made paneer, nuts and sprouts - and avoiding processed & junk food, increasing physical activity - by simple walking and climbing stairs, shedding extra weight.
2: Non-modifiable factors are family history of diabetes and our genes which we have inherited from our own parents ( which can not be changed) and ageing - which we can not prevent. As the life expectancy increases DIABETES & HYPERTENSION are bound to increase - but how we eat and stay active is in our hands.
GETTING YOUR (F) BLOOD SUGAR CHECKED REGULARLY PARTICULARLY IF WE HAVE OUR
FATHER,MOTHER OR A SIBLING SUFFERING FROM DIABETES OR IF WE ARE OVERWEIGHT IS IN OUR OWN INTEREST. IF YOUR FASTING BLOOD SUGAR IS IN THE RANGE OF 100-125 mg/dl YOU ARE PRE-DIABETIC, WHICH SIMPLY MEANS CAUTION!
YOU CAN DELAY OR PREVENT DIABETES BY EATING HEALTHY AND STAYING ACTIVE!! more