elections in delhi
7. Delivery of justice must lessen inflation and corruption in a palpable manner. Reverting to the spirit of the article 39 we see that both inflation and corruption stand in the way of delivery of justice or right to an adequate means to livelihood.
8. Media must be supported for monitoring and not for mongering. Media does and rightfully deserves to get support to save democratic govts. from going astray, they have a solemn duty to refrain from panic mongering or anything that may arouse negative public sentiments. Use and popularity of FM radio and it immense possibilities through multimedia have made communication relevant to various regions and localities available and cheap. FM radios have reached almost every corner of India
9. Commissions (planning, finance, law, information, judical etc.) must not be allowed to become power shops (or pinjrapoles) without action. One has to rehearse the working through a work break down study (WBS) and follow Program Evaluation and Review Technic (PERT) to ensure that commission serve their purpose and that sufficient staff is made available in time.
10. FDI: Foreign direct investment (FDI) is gaining importance in global economic growth, especially among developing & emerging market countries. But International Monetary Fund defines FDI as an individual or business owning 10% or more of a foreign company's capital. But we can see how variously FDI is interpreted in the media and polity. more
1) The legislative and administrative responsibilities in governance are mutually fulfilling and complimenting. Dynamics of community life makes it obligatory for state to prescribe legislations as are necessary for the situation from time to time. In case any violation of the rule of law is brought to the notice of the government it is expected to initiate action as is prescribed in the rules through the enforcement dept. However in case anyone feels or observes that no action(s) is/ are taken or taken contrary to law they have the right to approach and get actions corrected.
2) Outsourcing responsibility is bad governance: It is sometimes seen that wherever the govt. or its officers feel that the responsibilities are intricate or participation of many agencies are involved, the implementing agency may hand over or delegate the power to an agency. This could be either an evasive step or an action to shift responsibility. One argument is that the government procedures for creation of posts or for training being cumbersome, stands in the way of quick and smooth administrative actions. Agencies outsourced through an expression of interest (EOI) or outright contract cannot be expected to be charitable. If they assume themselves to be ‘de facto’ government and execute actions on their discretion equity and rule of law may become the causality. A reasonable alternative is to identify or establish a statutory agency with financial and administrative control of the govt. to undertake the implementation.
3) Laws are for enforcement and not meant for masquerading populist ideas: As had been discussed at (1) it becomes imperative to make laws from time to time. Successive governments/ LSG’s in their enthusiasm to be popular (more so before elections) may consider passing laws/ resolutions that would project them in popular light. If it is made mandatory for govt. or LSG’s to do an exercise of doing a work break down study (WBS) and PERT exercise before preparing/ presenting laws, rules or resolutions, one could foresee the incumbent man power need and accountability. Doing this is the true administrative responsibility in governance.
4) Free market: We often discuss that the markets have to be free. It mainly means free from control of the govt. or a regulatory authority. But it is expected that the free market will conform to some ethical marketing behavior. In some cases their control comes with some concessions asked from and/or allowed by government. A true free market has to be free from both control and concessions. At the same time “no regulation” does not mean corruption is permissible.
5) Dissipation / decentralization The 73rd amendment of the constitution ensured devolution of powers in a three tier system in which the state govt. can delegate powers of certain departments to the Panchayti raj institutions. However, all states have not implemented the law completely. Even in a few states where it has been established the power has not gone down to the people as expected for two major reasons. 1) Many of the people especially in villages still do not know their power. 2) Where powers are understood people feel that the ward members are the de facto ministers in so far as the financial and social sanctions are concerned. The main idea of devolution of power is the ensure community participation in democracy. In Kerala though there was an overwhelming enthusiasm to local governance, gradually things narrowed down to political attitude of the panchayat, especially of president or the ward member who decide how to spend the money allocated. It is the most irraciable or nosiest of the member (or leader) in the discussions who has her/ his way. Villagers feel that whatever Panchayt decides or made to decide, is the law. The best example is that of NREG (MGNREG) where at least some of the actions of the panchayt are not even legally tenable. There are compromises on the fund use and participation, even though the govt. (the Secretary LSGD) had issued directions on operation of MGMNREG funds.
Currently a predominant activity of MGNREG in many panchayats, is civil work (construction or maintenance of roads or clearing flow channels before monsoon). Of late some changes are being envisaged. As the money has to be spent in a financial year the program at occasions are conducted in any place possible often in locations that are non-existent (or property not identified in the asset register of panchayat). For widening small roads they encroach into private agricultural land. All that implementers assume to be essential is the technical approval from a civil engineer who is employed by panchayat either on full time or contractual job.If Dissipation of power or decentralization is expected to provide all rights and no responsibility, decentralization of administration could result only in corruption getting decentralized under the command of few selected people. It is also often seen that central grants are not strictly audited as is done in the case of schemes of the state govt. Some of the commendable programs initiated in the early stages like the “Kudumbasree” movement in Kerala received a setback when panchayats worked overtime to coax and cajole people by linking distribution of freebees with participation in MGNREG. This was aimed at expending funds received from the centeral govt. In other words local committees have become virtual autocrats in the process of decentralization even bypassing law.
At National level too the situation is more or less the same. Empowerment is considered as a tool to make food (and other essentials) accessible to the poor. On our empowerment front, schemes like IRDP, employment assurance scheme (EAS), Jawahar Rojgar Yojana (JRY), rural work programme (RWP), employment guarantee scheme (NREGS), employment assurance scheme (EAS) etc. did not prove to have any primary or secondary impact on poverty or food security. None of these measures had any impact on general employment or in execution of projects. (Parikh, Kirit.S.: India Development report, 1997; Oxford Univ. Press). more
Situation in these two states may be different as there are no political untouchables and alliances will come easily, with a price tag of course. more