Improving Water Supply - Addl Inputs

Based on your inputs, below are the key solutions, root causes and issues for Water Supply in India. Kindly review them and share any additional inputs you may have.

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Swachh Bharat Mission

Improving Water Supply - Key Solutions

1. States should set up more water treatment plants
2. Regular water supply to houses should be ensured
3. New and latest technology should be used to purify water to make it fit for drinking
4. Teams should be set up to find broken/cracked pipelines and replace them
5. Water rates could be subsidised
6. A department should be set up to draw up the maintenance plan of the water pipelines and to ensure that it is carried out as per the plan
7. The process of applying for new connections should be streamlined and made online
8. The network of piped water supply should be widened with yearly plans
9. Overhead tanks should be installed in public toilets to ensure availability of water
10. Water and sewage pipes should be laid parallel to each other and should not overlap
11. Latest software/technology should be procured to detect leakage quickly and effectively
12. Social campaigns should be designed around teaching water conservation to people
13. Ground water extraction needs to be banned as it is deepening water level making source of water scarce
14. Mini Water Treatment Plants should be installed at various levels like Gram/Panchayat/Taluka
15. WATER ATM's could be installed at several places along the pipeline
16. RWAs should be encouraged to adopt rain water harvesting
17. Institutions which install water-recycling plants should be given some kind of tax concessions
18. Recycling must be made mandatory in all large buildings.

State of Water Supply - Root Causes
1. Water supply has not been planned properly
2. Water pipes and sewage pipes overlap each other
3. The number of water treatment plants is not enough
4. Water treatment plants are technologically very old
5. Water pipelines are very old and weathered out
6. Leakage identification takes a long time
7. Most of the people do not understand the need of water management
8. Corrupt officials let the bore-wells get dug without official approval
9. Too much water is being pumped out of the ground by residents
10. Unauthorised water connections in slum areas leads to drop in water pressure in other areas
11. Most of our water distribution networks in urban areas are not available in a digital format, hence it is very difficult to keep track and do maintenance of these systems
12. Lack of long term plans or laxity in implementation of plans for augmenting water sources and pipe lines
13. Inefficient, poor maintenance network
14. Slow induction of latest technology

Water Supply – Key Issues

1. Water supply is erratic
2. Water supply becomes even worse in summers
3. Water is dirty and non-drinkable
4. This non-drinkable water causes a lot of water borne diseases
5. Pipelines are broken
6. A lot of water is wasted due to the leakage in the pipelines
7. Public water system has no control, water wastage due to taps left open for hours together
8. Sewer water gets mixed up with drinking water
9. Water bills are very high
10. Corruption at water boards to get new connections
11. Bore-wells being dug without any approval
12. Ground water levels are depleting and pumps are not able to fetch water
13. Many areas do not have any piped water supply
14. No water available in most public toilets more  

View all 68 comments Below 68 comments
Water should be rationed based on the number of family members. New meters+controllers should be designed by IITs and implemented by the government. Some people use 7 litres of fresh clean water to flush 300ml of urine, and some families have to walk 10 km or fight to get just drinking water for their children. Nothing can be more unfair and less intelligent than the existing system. more  
Now it is the right time to go for underground tunnel system for large cities .These tunnels should incorporate drainage system ,water supply system, power supply communication cables e.g.OFC etc. The Govt should give soft loan to the municipal corporations for this purpose.The corporation will provide these tunnels on rental basis to various services providers. The amount so collected will be used for repayment of loan and maintenance of these tunnels. This will provide quick restoration of breakdowns and will eliminate the requirement of digging roads every time. This will also help in accidental cutting/damages of cable/pipe lines etc. The Govt may create a separate execution agency for it at least for Metros/state capital to ensure quality . Sewer lines may be separated from this but it will depend on technical feasibility.
So far as small towns are concern the complete DPR should be prepared for each town wherein all the required inputs e.g. no.of inhabitants covered,head required, Level of each street etc. should be incorporated.We may assign this job to final year Local/adjoining Engineering/Polytechnic students of civil branch for their project work A honorarium may be given to college/student.These DPR's may be vetted by experts for final approval.The specification should also be finalised at very high level so that the quality may be assured. more  
Now it is the right time to go for underground tunnel system for large cities .These tunnels should incorporate drainage system ,water supply system, power supply communication cables e.g.OFC etc. The Govt should give soft loan to the municipal corporations for this purpose.The corporation will provide these tunnels on rental basis to various services providers. The amount so collected will be used for repayment of loan and maintenance of these tunnels. This will provide quick restoration of breakdowns and will eliminate the requirement of digging roads every time. This will also help in accidental cutting/damages of cable/pipe lines etc. The Govt may create a separate execution agency for it at least for Metros/state capital to ensure quality . Sewer lines may be separated from this but it will depend on technical feasibility.
So far as small towns are concern the complete DPR should be prepared for each town wherein all the required inputs e.g. no.of inhabitants covered,head required, Level of each street etc. should be incorporated.We may assign this job to final year Local/adjoining Engineering/Polytechnic students of civil branch for their project work A honorarium may be given to college/student.These DPR's may be vetted by experts for final approval.The specification should also be finalised at very high level so that the quality may be assured. more  
Existence of mass scaled unabated corruptions in every nooks & corners is causing such mismanagement in every fronts and despite spending billions of rupees every year, none of the welfare schemes of the government and its subsidiaries succeeds to meet the requirements. Unless the government is sincere to eradicate the corruptions once for all, the things will remain up to suggestions giving stage only. more  
Recycling of water is amuse as also water treatment plants. Further the channels taking water to lakes, tanks should be maintained properly so that rainwater is collected thereby increasing/maintains groundwater table. People who spoil. The surrounding areas of the water bodies to be identified. Through spy cams and penalised heavily. more  
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