First Aid for Cuts
If the cut is not deep and bleeding is minimal, clean and wash the wound with fresh running water and pat dry with clean cloth. Small cuts heal without any ointments or bandages.
Bleeding or deep cuts
Follow these steps if the bleeding continues from the wound or cut:
Wash the wound immediately with fresh running water and apply pressure if bleeding.
It is important to stop the bleeding. Applying pressure with clean cloth, handkerchief, gauze pad directly on the wound or cut helps control the bleeding. Apply constant and direct pressure on the wound for at least 5 minutes.
If the cloth or gauze is soaked in blood, do not remove it. Add another cloth or gauze and keep applying pressure till bleeding stops.
Do not remove pressure to check the wound or whether bleeding has stopped.
Keep the affected area or limb raised above the level of your heart to slow down and control the bleeding.
Once bleeding stops, remove the previous cloth or gauze and cover it with a fresh and clean cloth.
If the wound is an area that gets dirty or soiled frequently, covering it is essential to avoid infections. For instance, fingers, hands or legs in case of children.
Cuts in other areas can be left open as this will allow it to dry faster.
For deeper cuts or wounds on the knee and elbow, a single layer of gauze can be used to cover the wound with a tape or a band-aid can be used to prevent brushing of wound with the clothes.
Cuts spread over a large area are often covered to speed up the healing process.
When should you consult the doctor?
If the cut is deep, or wound is caused due to a sharp and infected object. To know if you really need tetanus shot every time you are hurt, read this.
If the bleeding refuses to stop even after applying pressure for 5-10 minutes consult a doctor immediately. more