How stubble burning became ‘a question of life and death?

• It’s serious: The Supreme Court had some strong words for Punjab and Haryana governments on Wednesday due to their failure to stop stubble burning that's behind the air emergency in Delhi NCR: "Can you permit people to die like this due to pollution? Can you permit the country to go back by 100 years? Why can't government machinery stop stubble burning? You just want to sit in your ivory towers and rule. You are not bothered and are letting people die...”

• Two states: So why is it that only Punjab and Haryana burn so much of farm stubble and why wasn’t this problem of extreme pollution earlier? Here are some reasons:

• Skewed subsidies: Area under paddy cultivation has grown almost three-fold in Punjab and Haryana since 1980, due to government-guaranteed prices. More crop means more stubble.

• Rise of machines: Till the late 1980s, paddy was harvested manually. The stalk was cut close to the ground, which virtually left no stubble. By late 1980s, the process started getting mechanised with use of combine harvesters. The machine cuts the crop at a height leaving 2-foot high stubble on the field. By 1992-93, nearly 9,000 harvesters were in use in India, most of these in Punjab and Haryana. The figure more than doubled in the next 10 years, by when harvesters had taken over in the two states. Farmers began burning the stubble to clear fields.

• Water vs air: Till 2009, pollution from stubble burning was mainly a local problem. That’s because paddy was harvested in September-October, when monsoon is still active and easterly winds dominate, preventing smoke from spreading to Indo-Gangetic plains. In 2009, Punjab enacted a law forbidding paddy transplantation before June 10 to conserve scarce groundwater. This pushed harvests to late October-early November, when northwesterly winds bring pollution towards Delhi NCR and beyond. more  

View all 13 comments Below 13 comments
The polution in Delhi or neibouring cities is not just because of stubble but because of inorganized burning of garbage collected by local collectors as well as some local govt bodies who just dump it anywhere and then at dusk burn cardboard, nylon bags of flour etc, and other plastic item which cannot be sold to "kabadi walas".
Then there are some fossil fuel operated power plants or other big engines which contribute to this.

Why this is such a big problem in Delhi/NCR where neibouring cities like Meerut, Bulandsahar, and some other do not have it.

It is not just because of stubble but because of open construction, dumping of sand, unorganized construction road maintainence/burnig of tarmac to build road all these factors are entirely overlooked more  
Future is definitely going to be disastrous and no one will remain unaffected because even now we are not considering the REAL MEANING OF POLLUTION IN TRUE SCIENTIFIC TERMS. In SCIENTIFIC EVALUATION RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS IS VERY MUCH NEEDED TO IDENTIFY THE CAUSE(S) and REMEDY. more  
All are equally responsible. more  
Punjab and Haryana farmers are desperate in November as immediately after paddy harvesting, they have to sow wheat.
There is no time left to liesurly clear the fields.
There is no cost effective alternative available locally to clear the fields of paddy stubble so that sowing of wheat can take place.
Under the circumstances burning stubble is a feasible solution.
But the winds transport the smoke across north India. more  
This is where businesses and research institutions can join hands in commercializing the extract rather than burning. And public should dump these politicians who do not implement the rules. - simple. more  
Post a Comment

Related Posts

    • Delhi water worst in India

      If it wasn’t enough that Delhi air is among the world’s most polluted, a new study by Govt itself has now shown that the city’s tap water is the most unsafe among 21 State capital...

      By Vinita Agrawal
      /
    • Odd Even useless says Supreme Court

      Wait didnt the citizens say that in the circle poll? Where is the link to your survey LocalCircles Manager? Last 2 days odd even was there, zero impact pollution worsened. The Supreme ...

      By Vinita Agrawal
      /
    • Delhiites - conceive babies only in Dec Jan

      And Deliver in August September. See attached. Doctors say there is an increased risk of miscarriage with the pollutants in Oct Nov reaching the placenta. So basically what it means is y...

      By Vinita Agrawal
      /
    • Childrens day run in 550 AqI

      On a day when AQI is 550 we are making children run in the morning. Book whosoever responsible for crime.

      By Ruchika L Maheshwari
      /
    • Schools shut Nov 14 and Nov 15

      Attached EPCA notification. Keep the conversation and the eacalation going circles! This is a war like situation.

      By Shikha Chhabra
      /
    • Failure of Governance

      A ground report reveals that there is hardly any breather at many of the 13 toxic hubs of Rohini, Dwarka, Okhla Phase II, Punjabi Bagh, Anand Vihar, Vivek Vihar, Wazirpur, Jahangirpuri, RK Puram, B...

      By Ragini Sen
      /
    • action againt stubble burning

      When we have a 24-hour average of 625 microgram per cubic metre (µg/m3) levels of PM 2.5--polluting particles 30 times finer than one human hair, that can enter the bloodstream and sicken or ...

      By Sneha Goyal
      /
    • Toxic Foam in Yamuna

      Helpless devotees on the occasion of Chhath were forced to offer prayers by immersing themselves in the toxic foam. Is there a plan to clean it up? This is on kalindi kunj side. Also, se...

      By Mala Sehgal
      /
    • Politics of Pollution by IP Bajpai

      It's petty politics and not fighting pollution. That is why Delhi NCR and much of north India is struggling to breathe. And all the players are equally to blame as they try, cleverly (or so they th...

      By Sheetal Jain
      /
    • SUPREME COURT SHOWS THE WAY TO PUT AN END TO STUBBLW BURNING AND ALL THE WOES OF POOR DELHIITES ::

      S.C. has asked who is responsible Stubble burnig and went on to answer , the State Governments . The entire state Administrative and Police mechanism of Punjab, Hariyana, U.P. from the C...

      By Jayakumar Daniel
      /
Share To
Enter your email & mobile number and we will send you the instructions

Note - The email can sometime gets delivered to the spam folder, so the instruction will be send to your mobile as well

Please select a Circle that you want people to invite to.
Invite to
(Maximum 500 email ids allowed.)