Handling Diabetic Emergencies
In many patients blood sugar levels fluctuate frequently. So, it is highly advised to keep a glucometer in your home at all times.
You should give the patient some sweetened drink like fruit juice, glucose water or chocolate drinks. This will help to restore blood glucose levels and should make the patient feel better within a few minutes.
When the patient becomes considerably stable, you can feed him/her some solid foods like rice, bread or even short snack items like biscuits.
If the patient falls unconscious, make sure that the patient is allowed to lie down comfortably and call a physician right away.
In case of unavailability of a physician, the patient should immediately be taken to a hospital without any delay.
Hyperglycemia- On the other hand diabetic patients may also experience a sudden rise in their glucose levels, known as hyperglycemia. This condition is also known as diabetic coma and is often characterised by breathlessness, recurrent urination, nausea and vomiting, dry mouth and palpitations. Usually, a discontinuity in diabetic medications may put a person at risk of hyperglycemia. Moreover, eating too much of sugar rich foods and intolerance to the prescribed blood sugar medication may also put a person in such a situation. In case of hyperglycemia, one can go with the following first aid procedures:
Administer the required diabetic medication immediately.
Give the patient some sugar free fluid.
Monitor the victim’s breathing rate, pulse rate and the level of responsiveness.
Immediately call your house physician.
Tips for diabetics when travelling: Patients suffering from diabetes should always carry some form of identification that also reveals the presence of diabetes. In case of an emergency, this will alert anyone who provides assistance about the situation and it will also ensure that any attending medical professionals are aware of the special requirements of the patient. more