Education for All (Dengue, CG, malaria)
1) Dengue is spread by dengue virus I, II, III and IV types, all transmitted by Aedes aegypti. This year, Dengue III – considered less potent – is predominant in Delhi. Strains II and IV are considered deadly.
2)Delhi is witnessing its first outbreak of chikungunya after 2006. It is marked by debilitating joint pain but it is generally not deadly
3) Supposed to have near-vanished from Delhi, but malaria is back with a vengeance. Two deaths and over 21 cases reported this year
4) High fever, headache, fatigue are common symptoms for all three diseases. Dengue additionally will result in low platelet count and internal bleeding in rare cases.
5) Chikungunya triggers severe debilitating pain, especially in joints and also itchy rashes that can be severe in cases.
6) Malaria patients show signs of sweating and chills, headaches and vomiting, anaemia, seizures in rare cases
7) Fever up to 103-104 degrees is common in viral illnesses. Patient may not require admission if vitals, such as BP, are stable and the patient is not vomiting
8) Extreme weakness, dizziness, continuous vomiting leading to dehydration, very poor oral intake and bleeding from any site are danger signs. Patient must be taken to hospital
9) If high fever continues for over 24 hours, see a doctor. Do not take anti-fever medication or antibiotics on your own.
10) Take lots of fluid. Maintaining hydration is key to quick recovery. Ensure salt intake stays steady.
11) When fearing dengue, keep sharp eye on platelet count. A case considered critical, and transfusion advised only when counts drop to less than 20,000 or there’s internal bleeding or bruise.
12) For chikungunya, doctors may advise non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve joint pain once dengue has been ruled out
13) Make home mosquito free. Spray all rooms with safe aerosols. Use mosquito nets, cover water containers, dry water tanks, pets’ bowls and planted pots at least weekly more