VAT on Petrol & Diesel: Consumers want Centre to reduce excise & States to levy absolute amount VAT
- • The rise in base price of petrol and diesel currently leads to higher state VAT collection
- • 67% consumers say they want the Govt to consider cutting excise duty by 20% or more
- • 81% prefer petrol and diesel being brought under GST
25th May 2018, New Delhi: The common man has been burdened even more. If the rising pricing of groceries wasn’t enough, petrol and diesel prices have reached their all-time highs. A litre of petrol as of yesterday costs Rs 84.99 in Mumbai while in Delhi it costs Rs 77.47 per litre. Currently, petrol is taxed at a little over 100% and diesel taxes are around 66.48%. These taxes include central excise duty and VAT.
Centre had increased excise duty on petrol and diesel almost 5 times when the global crude prices had gone below $30 a barrel. The government had then cut basic excise duty on petrol and diesel by Rs 2 per litre in October last year.
LocalCircles conducted a 2-poll survey on the issue which received 15,000+ votes. The first poll asked what the government should do to provide immediate relief to consumers on petrol and diesel prices. 41% said they should cut the excise duty by 30 pct on both petrol and diesel, while 26% said the excise cut should be 20 pct. 22% said the excise duty should be made a flat Rs. 5 on both petrol and diesel. 11% did not have an opinion.
67% consumers want Government to cut excise duty on petrol/diesel by 20% or more
The petrol and diesel rates in the country are currently determined by global crude oil rate and rupee-dollar forex rate. That is part of a daily system of fuel price revisions adopted in June 2017. It is to be noted that states and centre both currently make about 40% of their revenue through the sale of petroleum products. Many citizens on LocalCircles had suggested that once petroleum products are brought under GST, the states could be allowed to add a cess to it to cover up some of their revenue losses and the centre could reimburse them yearly to balance their ledgers.
The second poll asked what the best way for states is to reduce VAT on petrol and diesel. 42% said they should levy an absolute value of tax instead of percentage of base price, while 36% said that states should reduce the VAT rate itself. 16% respondents said that the states should do nothing and let higher fuel prices reduce consumption and pollution. A small 6% were unsure about what should be done.
Currently, as the international crude prices rise, the state VAT collection rises as the VAT levied is a percent of the base price of petrol and diesel. Majority consumers say they want the states to determine an absolute value of VAT per litre based on say average prices of petrol and diesel in the last 12 months. That way as the international oil prices rise, in addition to the burden of rising base prices, they are not faced with increasing tax values. Per consumers, the current formula works for the State Governments but not for consumers
Most consumers want that states should levy absolute value of VAT on petrol/diesel instead of a percentage of price
In a survey conducted sometime back, citizens were asked if petrol and diesel should be brought under GST in the 28% tax rate. Out of the 8,488 respondents, 81% had voted in favour of it and a minor 12% had voted against it. Notably, if petrol and diesel are bought under the 28% slab of GST, the price of petrol will drop by almost 25%.
81% consumers want petrol and diesel prices to be brought under GST
The question currently in the common man’s mind is whether the Central and State Governments will step in to rescue. People of the country were already struggling with income stagnation and reduced employment opportunities. A rise in fuel prices at this junction could affect consumer spending and lead to an economic slowdown which the country cannot afford.
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